The other and other species of shellfish that are eaten raw can poison you with harmful bacteria and viruses. If you want to enjoy the taste of the sea, try the algae (a very small amount is enough).
Caffeine is rapidly absorbed and reaches the placenta and the foetus, which does not have the enzymes needed to metabolise it. Too much increases the risk that the baby will be born underweight, increasing the chances of future health problems, including diabetes and heart disease. Too much caffeine can also cause a miscarriage.
Besides coffee, caffeine is found naturally in other foods, such as tea (including green tea) and chocolate, and is added to some soft drinks and energy drinks.
If you’re used to drinking coffee, you can replace it with camomile or peppermint tea. The taste is very different, but the ritual and the warmth can be just as comforting, if not more so, than coffee.
There is a possibility of salmonella developing in soya, alfalfa and other sprouts. Washing is not enough to guarantee their elimination, so pregnant women should not eat them raw.
In general, you should take special care when washing fruit and vegetables during pregnancy.
Of course, pregnant women should not consume even a drop of alcohol, which increases the risk of abortion and fetal death. A very small dose can already negatively affect the brain development and health of the baby.
Alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome, which leads to facial deformities, heart defects and mental retardation.
Ready-made meals found in supermarkets can be very convenient, but they tend to provide few micronutrients and too many calories, salt, fat and sugars.
As pregnant women have increased micronutrient requirements, ithey must avoidhigh-calorie processed foods and prefer natural whole foods that are very rich in micronutrients, such as vegetables, nuts, seeds, pulses and fruits.
Sugars added to ready meals, industrial baked goods or soft drinks increase the risk of obesity and gestational diabetes, which can lead to complications during childbirth and increase the risk of the child becoming overweight.